Ships in Profile: Steregushchiy-class corvette

The Steregushchiy class (Russian: стерегущий – “vigilant”) is the newest class of corvette in the Russian Navy. It was designed by the Almaz Central Marine Design bureau. The first ship was designated Project 2038.0 (or 20380) by the Russian Government; subsequent vessels were built to an improved design, Project 20381. At 2,200 tons it is large for a corvette and is designated as a frigate by NATO. Project 20382 “Tigr” is an export variant that has been ordered by Algeria. Project 20385 is another variant.

This type has been further developed into the Gremyashchiy-class corvette and Derzky-class corvette.

The ships of the Steregushchiy class are multipurpose corvettes, designed to replace the Grisha class. Such ships are used for littoral zone operations, engagement of enemy submarines and surface ships, and gun support of landing operations. The first batch built at the Severnaya Verf shipyard in St. Petersburg consists of four ships. A second building line has been started at Komsomolsk. The lead ship of this second batch was named Sovershennyy.

The Russian Navy has publicly announced that they expect to buy at least 30 of these ships, for all four major fleets.

According to Jane’s Naval Forces News, the first vessel was commissioned on 14 November 2007.

The Steregushchiy-class corvettes have a steel hull and composite material superstructure, with a bulbous bow and nine watertight subdivisions. They have a combined bridge and command centre, and space and weight provision for eight SS-N-25 missiles. Stealth technology was widely used during construction of the ships, as well as 21 patents and 14 new computer programs. Newest physical field reduction solutions were applied too. As a result, designers considerably reduced the ship’s radar signature thanks to hull architecture and fire-resistant radar-absorbent fiberglass applied in tophamper’s design.

The Kashtan CIWS on the first ship was replaced in subsequent vessels by 12 Redut VLS cells containing 9M96E medium-range SAMs of the S-400 system. SS-N-27 (Kalibr type missiles) will be fitted to a larger domestic version, Project 20385.

The export version known as Project 20382 Tigr carries either eight supersonic SS-N-26 (P-800 Oniks) anti-ship missiles or sixteen subsonic SS-N-25 ‘Switchblade’ (Kh-35E Uran). It also carries two twin-tube launchers for 533mm heavy torpedoes. The A-190E 100mm gun first used in the Talwar-class frigates is controlled by a 5P-10E system that can track four targets simultaneously. Protection from air attacks is provided by the Kashtan CIWS and eight mounts for the SA-N-10 ‘Grouse’ (9K38 Igla) SAM.

The Kashtan (Russian: Каштан, English: Chestnut) close-in weapon system (CIWS) is a modern naval air defence gun-missile system deployed by the Russian Navy.

Operational History

  • Steregushchiy started sea trials in November 2006 and was commissioned in the Baltic fleet on 14 November 2007.
  • Soobrazitelnyy, the second ship in the class, was launched on 31 March 2010, was expected to start sea trials in November/December 2010. Soobrazitelnyy was commissioned in October 2011.
  • Boikiy was commissioned in May 2013.
  • Stoikiy was commissioned in May 2014. Flag-raising ceremony was conducted on 27 July 2014.

Ships

Name Pennant number Project Builders Laid down Launched Commissioned Fleet Note
Steregushchiy 530 2038.0 Severnaya Verf,
St. Petersburg
21 December 2001 16 May 2006 14 November 2007 Baltic
Soobrazitelnyy 531 2038.1 Severnaya Verf,
St. Petersburg
20 May 2003 31 March 2010 14 October 2011 Baltic
Boikiy 532 2038.1 Severnaya Verf,
St. Petersburg
27 July 2005 15 April 2011 16 May 2013 Baltic
Sovershennyy 333 2038.1 Komsomolsk Shipyard,
Komsomolsk-on-Amur
30 June 2006 22 May 2015 projected for 2017 Pacific
Stoikiy 545 2038.1 Severnaya Verf,
St. Petersburg
10 November 2006 30 May 2012 28 May 2014 Baltic
Gromkiy 2038.1 Komsomolsk Shipyard,
Komsomolsk-on-Amur
17 February 2012 July 2017 Pacific
Retiviy 2038.1 Severnaya Verf,
St. Petersburg
20 February 2015 2018
Strogiy 2038.1 Severnaya Verf,
St. Petersburg
20 February 2015 2018
Aldar Tsydenzhapov 2038.1 Komsomolsk Shipyard,
Komsomolsk-on-Amur
22 July 2015 Pacific
Rezkiy 2038.1 Komsomolsk Shipyard,
Komsomolsk-on-Amur
1 July 2016 Pacific
 

Class overview

Name: Steregushchiy class
Builders:
  • Severnaya Verf
  • Komsomolsk Shipyard
Operators:
  •  Russian Navy
  •  Algerian National Navy
Preceded by: Grisha class
Succeeded by: Gremyashchiy class
Subclasses:
  • Project 2038.2 Tigr (export)
  • Project 2038.5 (domestic)
  • Project 2038.6 (domestic)
Cost: US$120-150m (est. for Tigr)
Built: 2001 – current
In service: 2007 – current
Building: 4
Planned: 12
Completed: 5
Active: 4
General characteristics
Class and type: Project 2038.0 (2038.1)
Type: Corvette
Displacement:
  • Standard: 1,800 tons
  • Full: 2,200 tons
Length: 104.5 m (343 ft)
Beam: 11.6 m (38 ft)
Draught: 3.7 m (12 ft)
Installed power: AC 380/220V, 50 Hz, 4×630 kw diesel genset
Propulsion: 2 shaft CODAD, 4 Kolomna 16D49 diesels 23,664 hp (17.6 MW)
Speed: 27 kn (50 km/h; 31 mph)
Range: 3,800 nmi (7,000 km; 4,400 mi) at 14 kn (26 km/h; 16 mph)
Endurance: 15 days
Complement: 90
Sensors and
processing systems:
  • Air search radar: Furke 2 (Furke-E, Positiv-ME1, SMILE Thales for export)
  • Surface search radar: Granit Central Scientific Institute Garpun-B/3Ts-25E/PLANK SHAVE radar
  • Monument targeting radar
  • Fire control radar: Ratep 5P-10E Puma for A-190
  • Sonar: Zarya-M (Zarya-ME for export) suite, bow mounted. Vinyetka low frequency active/passive towed array
  • Navigation: GORIZONT-25 integrated navigation system
Electronic warfare
& decoys:
  • EW Suite: TK-25E-5 ECM
  • Countermeasures: 4 x PK-10 decoy launchers
Armament:
  • 1 × 100mm A-190 Arsenal or 130mm A-192 naval gun
  • 1 × Kashtan CIWS-M (Project 20380)
  • 2 × 4 Uran Kh-35 (SS-N-25)
  • 12 × Redut VLS cells (Project 20381)
  • 2 × AK-630М CIWS
  • 2 × 4 330mm torpedo tubes for Paket-NK (Paket-NK/E for export) anti-torpedo/anti-submarine torpedoes
  • 2 × 14.5mm MTPU pedestal machine guns
Aircraft carried: Hangar for Ka-27 Helicopter

 

Kamov Ka-27 Helix Military Helicopter.

 

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